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December 15, 1980

Speech Given by Comrade Le Duc Tho, Member of the Party Politburo, to the Leaders of Public Security’s Departments, Bureaus, and City and Provincial Offices during the Conference to Discuss the Three Specialized Drafts and to Implement Politburo Resolutio

A speech given by Party Politburo Member Le Duc Tho during a three-day conference of the Ministry’s top Public Security officers along with the Directors of Public Security of all of the nation’s provinces and major cities, where the attendees received instructions on three new Ministry of Interior Party resolutions - one on “the struggle against Chinese spies”, one on “the struggle against American spies”, and one on  “the struggle against the enemy’s ideological attacks.” At the time of the speech, Le Duc Tho was viewed as Vietnam’s second most powerful leader, second only to Party General Secretary Le Duan. 

Le Duc Tho commented that while recruiting Americans would be easy, requiring only “money, women, and drinking and carousing”, recruiting Chinese would require a careful process of political education of the target

December 15, 1980

Resolution on the Status and Mission of Combatting Enemy’s Ideological Sabotage Efforts During This New Period [Excerpts]

This resolution on combatting “ideological sabotage” lumps Chinese ideological propaganda, Western propaganda operations, international human rights and humanitarian relief activities, and religious radio broadcasts and religious missionary activities all together with the spreading influence of Western culture and music in Vietnam as part of a vast, insidious effort by Vietnam’s enemies designed to corrupt Vietnam’s society and to weaken its “revolutionary” spirit in order to cause the overthrow or collapse of the Vietnamese Communist Party and government. 

The over-the-top rhetoric used in this resolution illustrates the widespread paranoia that infected the upper ranks of Vietnam’s Party and security apparatus during this period of the Cold War.  It was not until six years later, in December 1986, that the pressures of growing internal dissension (even within the Party), the country’s desperate economic situation, and reductions in Soviet military and economic to Vietnam resulted in the decision by the Communist Party’s 6th Party Congress to shift to a policy of reforms, called “Renovation” [Đổi Mới] reforms and to new Vietnamese efforts to normalize relations with China and the United States.

December 15, 1980

Resolution on Policy Guidelines and Missions for the Struggle against American Spies in the New Situation [Excerpts]

A resolution on combatting “American spies." The document calls for Public Security to re-interview all confirmed or suspected “CIA” agents being held in re-education camps and to conduct careful reviews of the enormous volume of documents captured by Communist forces when they took over South Vietnam in 1975 in order to identify and arrest any “stay-behind” agents of the Americans as well as former “CIA” agents who had still managed to evade detection and arrest.

December 15, 1980

Resolution on Policy Guidelines and Missions for the Struggle against Chinese Spies in the New Situation [Excerpts]

A resolution on combatting “Chinese spies” in Vietnam. The resolution directs Vietnam's Public Security to establish a special interrogation center to which all known and suspected “Chinese spies” who had been arrested would be sent for detailed interrogation by trained professionals. The interrogations would help Vietnam to identify existing Chinese espionage operations and to obtain information on the Chinese intelligence organizations, their plans, and their targets. 

December 1980

Trần Đông, 'Key Issues in the Struggle against Chinese Spies and American Spies and in the Struggle against the Enemy’s Ideological Attacks' [Excerpts]

In a speech, Deputy Minister of Interior Tran Dong makes it clear that the Ministry of the Interior’s goal is to develop a massive network of secret informants throughout Vietnam’s civilian population, a network that would be every bit as extensive and intrusive as was the informant network established inside East Germany by the Stasi, or the East German Ministry for State Security.

September 1992

Points for Press Backgrounder on Arms Control and Regional Security Working Group Meeting - 15-17 Sep. 1992

Press guidance for the ACRS meeting to be held in Moscow, September 15-17, 1992.

September 1992

Background Materials: ACRS Working Group

Attachments include: "Working Group on Regional Security and Arms Control: Organizational Meeting, January 29, 1992. Non-Paper: Points of Consensus." Additional attachments were withheld.

September 1992

Moscow Meeting of ACRS Working Group

Attachments include: "Consultations for Moscow ACRS Meeting: Core Points;" "Opening Remarks of Robert L. Gallucci, U.S. Co-Chairman, September 15, 1992;" "List of Participants in the Moscow Meeting of the Working Group on Arms Control and Regional Security in the Middle East;" "Invitation to Participate in the Moscow ACRS Meeting;" "Administrative Circular No. 1: Middle East Peace Talks;" "Press Guidance for the Arms Control and Regional Security Working Group and the Water Working Group Meetings;" and "Qs and As." Additional attachments were withheld.

September 15, 1992

Agenda of the Meeting of the Working Group on Arms Control and Regional Security in the Middle East (Moscow, September 15-17)

September 17, 1992

Co-Chairmen's Concluding Remarks, Moscow ACRS Meeting, 17 September 1992

This document summarizes the tone of the 1992 Moscow ACRS Meeting, the second ever meeting, and provides instructions to prepare delegates for the next meeting, in hopes of moving towards bilateral arms control and confidence-building measures.