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Yasser Arafat and Nicolae Ceausescu

Ceausescu's Diplomacy in the Middle East

This collection consists of documents from various archives in Romania and provides a fuller picture of Eastern Bloc involvement in Middle East politics after June 1967. These materials specifically show the importance of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) to Romania and other communist countries. Leaders in the Eastern Bloc came to see the PLO as a fellow standard-bearer of the socialist revolution, fighting for the same cause. As a result of this affinity, the Romanian Communist Party duly provided the PLO with support and advice about political, ideological, organizational, and diplomatic matters.

Yasser Arafat and Nicolae Ceausescu

Popular Documents

June 9, 1965

Minutes of Conversation between Chivu Stoica and Reza Radmanesh, President of the Tudeh Central Committee Politburo, Bucharest

Records a conversation between Radmanesh and Chivu Stoica, the president of the Romanian Council of Ministers, shortly after the Shah's 1965 visit to the Soviet Union.

September 3, 1969

Minutes of Conversation between the Shah and Nicolae Ceaușescu, Teheran

The Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi spoke with Nicolae Ceaușescu regarding President Nixon's speech in which he talks about disengaging the US from issues that do not concern the US, but also not abandoning allies. The Shah recalled that he told President Nixon long ago to withdraw from Vietnam. The Arab-Israeli conflict was also discussed.

August 7, 1967

Telegram to the Romanian Embassy in Teheran, No. 05/003865

Petru Burlacu's telegram to the Romanian ambassador to Iran regarding Iranian Ambassador Sanandaji's request for the Romanian government to arrest Tudeh Party president, Reza Radmanesh, and extradition him to Iran. Burlacu replied that the Romanian government is the only body entitled to make that decision, and that arresting Radmanesh goes against Romania's policy to have relations with all countries, regardless of political affiliation.

August 2, 1967

Minutes of Conversation between Nicolae Ceaușescu and Reza Radmanesh, President of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Tudeh Party, Bucharest

Nicolae Ceaușescu and Reza Radmanesh, President of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Tudeh Party, met in Bucharest. Radmanesh discussed the work and goals of the Tudeh Party and how Iran's recent improved interaction with socialist countries was allowing the activity of the party to increase.

March 13, 1958

Notes from Meeting between the Iranian Comrades and Comrade Nicolae Ceaușescu, Bucharest, March 13, 1958

Record of a meeting between the Tudeh First Secretary, Reza Radmanesh, and Nicolae Ceauşescu, then a member of the Politburo of the Romanian Workers' Party, shortly after the Tudeh's Fifth Plenum in Bulgaria, where the Iranian communists pledged themselves to working with 'all national and democratic forces' in Iran. Document highlights the disarray and fragmentation of the Tudeh at this time.